Source: ORL. Human papillomavirus has been proven to be an important risk factor for head and neck cancer, besides anogenital cancers. Although gynecological HPV malignancies have been intensely studied and documented, men can also be affected by HPV-related cancers — i.
Traditionally, oropharyngeal cancers have been linked to tobacco and alcohol use, but the last decades have shown an increased incidende of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers, especially oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas.
The vaccination programs along the world aim to reduce the incidence of anogenital cancers, as well as to protect against oropharyngeal HPV-associated papilloma lingual. The use of prophylactic vaccines that are highly immunogenic will likely decrease the incidence of HPV-associated cancers in the following years.
The therapeutic vaccines are designed to generate cell-mediated immunity against tumoral cells by using different techniques — i. The awareness about this health issue, the development of prophylactic methods, along with vaccines and the further development of accurate and available screening methods will offer an opportunity to achieve better survival rates in HPV-induced oropharygeal cancers.
- Gel după îndepărtarea papiloamelor
- Papilom de condilom pe mucoasă
- А затем, без всякого предупреждения, он оказался в Шалмиране.
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